Vertical Farming: The Future of Urban Agriculture
There are over 7 billion people on earth and this number is only increasing. While population control is an issue that is addressed in some countries, the human population is slated to reach 10 billion by 2050. As we’ve seen in many rapidly expanding areas of the country, proper infrastructure is needed to support much of modern life. But what happens when there isn’t enough farmland to produce an adequate amount fresh food for the massive amount of people on the planet?
Vertical farming, a new take on traditional agriculture, hopes to solve this incoming issue through combining urban architecture and indoor farming. By taking up less space through layering the farmland in a fashion similar to a skyscraper, vertical farming could potentially turn urban areas into a viable place for agriculture. Green Sense Farms has already been implementing this method of growing in order to increase the availability of healthy food for crowded or colder areas of the world.
This method cannot be used for crops like wheat and rice, but can be used for green vegetation like tomatoes and lettuce. The systems generally run hydroponically and do not require soil so the risks like pest infestations are more easily controlled. Another benefit of vertical farming is an entire crop could not be wiped out due to surprise weather as they are all housed indoors.
The biggest concern about vertical farming is the energy that is required to execute the practice, as most of the plants would get their sunlight artificially. The further development of renewable energy options will be greatly beneficial to this up-and-coming industry. It will be exciting to see how this method of urban farming develops, hopefully allowing more people in urban areas access to fresh vegetation easily.